Tomb Fort of Paphos (PAH-forn-oh-lah) is a significant historical monument situated in the Northern Greece. The tomb, built in the 8th century BC, is one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. It is also called as the “Mother of All Temples”. It was the site of the greatest battle ever fought by the Trojans and Greeks against each other.
It is believed that the Paphos Temple complex was the brainchild of Hippocrates, the Father of Medicine, and that the Temple was built during the timeframe of thirty five years after his death. The Temple, spread over five acres of land was the biggest construction to be undertaken by the ancient Greeks. A wall surrounding the Temple contained eighty gates while inside there were two large sacred temples for the god of medicine and the goddess of childbirth mo da cong giao. It is also believed that Hippocrates became the father of many of the modern medical terms we use today. Some of the earliest known Greek writings from the period of Archaios and the second century BC are found on pillars around the Temple of Artemis Agrotera.
This beautiful landscape was surrounded by a ring of twenty fountains. On the left side of the ring of water there were two large sculptures of the goddess Diana and helmeted hero Bacchus. The scene around the waterfalls includes two trees and two wild animals. The Trojans, who were trying to invade the Peninsula did not realize that the Fountains were actually a World Heritage Site. They were planning to attack the Greek colonies in Asia Minor at the time and so decided to destroy the landscape in order to delay their military campaign.
The main feature of this landscape is the Arch of Apollo, which is a representation of the sun god. In the center of the setting is the statue of Apollo’s mother, Aphrodite. In addition to the statues, the landscape also featured many other features of the Greek gods. Statues of the twins Nike and Aphrodite, the goddess of love, Anchises and Cupid, as well as a wild boar or a horse, were just a few of the others that were found in the area.
The main part of the landscape was around the Temple of Artemis Agrotera. This was to be the center of power for the city of Artemisium. The Trojans also knew that this would be an easy target since they were using the temple as a prison where they could keep prisoners. It was a common practice for them to create underground passages and fortifications around the Temple. Along with the other ancient ruins of the area, the Trojans also left behind a great amount of jewelry, coins and weapons. These have now been incorporated into fine arts through the efforts of specialists in this field.
As a result of all this activity the landscape was also renovated, sometimes completely, from a period of the history of Greek Art called the Classical period. During the times of the Roman Empire into the Western Wall was built. This was in fact a series of steps which lead up to the Temple of Artemis Agrotera, itself an architectural masterpiece. Later on, the Western Wall was erased, but not until it was rediscovered in the thirteenth century by Italian explorers. A new landscape emerged and the same style and attention to detail were adopted but this time the emphasis was more on making the site an art museum.